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          香料,升級美味拔高營養

            香料是生活中一種不可或缺的元素,在或熱烈或玄妙或纏綿的感覺中升級菜肴的美味和營養,是香料獨特的魅力所在。
          咖喱、肉桂、胡椒、八角、檸檬葉、印度楝、阿月渾子、辣椒、姜、姜黃、芫荽、丁香、肉豆蔻、大小茴香、番紅花、白芷、甘草、砂仁……各種叫得出名字或者叫 不出名字的香料,它們不僅讓食物充滿生動的表情,還開啟了人們的味覺深度,是許多印度日常食物的靈魂。法國人說,香料有陽光的味道,流傳著浪漫和溫情。美 國人對香料的鐘情,直接用行動表達。據統計,歐洲人平均每人每天消耗的傳統香料為0.5克,而美國人下手猛,是歐洲人的8倍。

            說到吃,首先講究色、香、味、美。香氣排在第二,而香氣就有香料不可磨滅的貢獻。香料,就是用來調味的烹飪材料的統稱,主要分為天然香料和人造香料。 天然香料又可分為動物性天然香料和植物性天然香料,是從天然植物的花、果、葉、莖、根、皮或者動物的分泌物中提取的含香物質。人造香料也可分為單離香料和 合成香料。平時家庭常用的蔥、蒜、姜、芫荽等常用的中式植物性香料,在菜肴當中有提鮮、辟除腥膻味等作用。目前市面上允許使用的香料有多少種呢?我國允許 使用的食用香料有534種,天然香料137種,人工合成香料397種。其中,草果、八角、生姜、肉桂、胡椒、丁香、大蒜、花椒等品種屬于我國特產辛香料。

            通常印象,香料主要有矯臭、賦香、辣味和著色的作用,其實它的功效遠不止這些,其最大的價值是提升菜肴的營養。香料還有替代其他調味品的功效,比如用 肉桂、茴香、歐芹、大蒜、迷迭香等替代一部分鹽的使用,既可給菜品添香增味,又可減少鹽分攝入。制作甜點時,加點肉桂、豆蔻等香料,就可以少放點糖。這在 無形當中維護了菜肴的營養。在雞尾酒會,在泰式沙爹雞肉條和油炸雞肉片中,一定會選擇前者,因為前者所使用的香料具有抗氧化物質、礦物質和多種維生素。香 料還有很多人們所不知的功效:五香粉、辣椒粉、桂皮、八角茴香等辛辣味的香料,含有豐富的維生素,而且還能天然地增加新陳代謝;不少香料能增加飽腹感,從 另一角度講,就是幫助瘦身,這也是喜歡選香料菜肴的重要原因,美國有研究證實,一個人在每頓飯之前吃含半茶匙紅辣椒片的開胃菜,能量攝入就能減少 10%~16%。香料最值得稱道的是它的抗氧化作用,香料中含有最強有力的抗氧化物質,拿香料牛至(地中海地區的典型香料)來說,它的抗氧化活性是蘋果的 42倍、土豆的30倍、橘子的12倍,這樣的抗氧化力度真是令人咋舌。越來越多的研究顯示,抗氧化是預防衰老的重要步驟,因為自由基或氧化劑會影響代謝功 能,并會引起不同的健康問題。如果能夠消除過多的氧化自由基,對于許多自由基引起的疾病及老化相關疾病都能夠預防。例如常見的癌癥、動脈硬化、糖尿病、白 內障、心血管病、老年癡呆、關節炎等,這些疾病都被認為與自由基相關。

            很多香料還有藥用價值,比如小茴香對于寒疝腹痛、腎虛腰痛、胃寒等都有相當明顯的功效;迷迭香和羅勒能抗炎癥;香菜和肉桂能調節血糖;檸檬草、肉豆蔻 能安撫情緒;姜黃能抗癌;花椒能抑制霉菌;大蒜、芥菜子、肉桂、百里香和姜能增強免疫力;胡椒能減輕抑郁;梔子能清熱去火等等。

            因為功效的差別,更喜歡選擇新鮮的植物性香料,新鮮香料比干制香料更香,吃起來感覺也更清新。不過市場上新鮮香料的品種很少,而超市里沒有季節限制的干制香料品種卻比較豐富。

            香料是生活中一種不可或缺的元素,在或熱烈或玄妙或纏綿的感覺中升級美味和營養,是香料獨特的魅力所在。

                                                       文章來源:香料網

           
          惠民彩票

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