<address id="hznvd"></address>


          自給型食品消費比重下降趨勢下:食用香精香料迎無限商機

            Foodjx導讀:消費者追求食品的健康、營養、衛生,同時也看重時尚口味,不滿足于以往的傳統,市場需要更多的新口味來滿足人們越來越挑剔的味覺。食用香精在食品配料中所占的比例雖然很小,但卻對食品風味起著舉足輕重的作用。它可以給食品原料賦香,矯正食品中的不良氣味,也可以補充食品中原有香氣的不足,穩定和輔助食品中的固有香氣。
            
            進入二十一世紀以后,人們的食物結構發生了更大變化。自給型食品消費比重逐年下降,一些營養、方便、休閑、綠色的新型工業化食品的需求逐年增長。在實現結構調整和提高經濟增長的前提下,2005年肉類加工比重已由上世紀90年代末的4%左右提高到10%;糧食加工比重也由8%左右提高到15%左右。食品的高新技術與工程化,為食品添加劑的發展創造了難得的機遇。
            
            香精的這些功能極大地影響著食品的銷售,食品中若是添加了合適的香精,其香氣、口味將會有意想不到的改善。同時,技術的發展和工程化食品的出現,為食用香精的發展提供了良好的發展機遇。工程化食品是指經過科學配方平衡營養,對農產品進行物種改造,從天然原料提取有效營養成分,根據消費者的需求,按照食品營養、風味和結構再重新組合成的食品,包括營養強化食品、模擬仿真食品、脂肪替代品、人工合成冰淇淋、仿真螃蟹腿、仿真對蝦等五花八門的食品。
            
            工程化食品代表了食品工業的一個發展方向,這種食品具有改進人們膳食結構的功能,能夠避免人們偏食挑食所引起的營養不良。功能食品、方便食品、速凍食品以及微波食品的興起和推廣,為食用香精開辟了更為廣闊的市場前景。隨著生活節奏的加快及旅游業的發展,方便食品將有較大的發展前景,從而要求新型復合調味料同步發展,這一趨勢將使得咸味香精的發展前景更為廣闊。
            
            食品香精多元化發展對食用香料工業提出了更高要求
            
            奶香、柑橘類和果味香精是一個會繼續流行下去的傳統的主流口味,調配型的果味酸乳飲料,除了草莓、甜橙、菠蘿是屬于比較傳統的果味香型外,芒果、蘆薈、葡萄、西番蓮、番石榴、木瓜、葡萄柚等在酸乳中的應用日漸豐富。果味香精隨著調香分析技術的提高和新開發調香原料的應用,香型從最初的以鮮甜味為主發展到講究果肉與果皮味道的結合,這就使得香味更加新鮮、逼真、飽滿和清香。
            
            上世紀70年代以后,咸味香料和香精的研究開發和生產都得到了很大的發展。分析設備和方法的進步,使得化學家們發現了各種閾值極低而香氣獨特的香味化合物,進而合成出這些香料。應用氨基酸和糖類進行美拉德反應而制備出各種咸味風味的反應香料,也促進了咸味香料和香精的發展。
            
            香精研制技術解析
            
            香精研制技術的進步無不包含了對特征香味化合物發現并對其認識的加深。至于這些特征香味化合物,無論是脂肪族的還是雜環類的,其來源無非就是這兩條路線:一是酶過程和生物學過程,如酒精飲料、乳制品的香味、蔥香等。每一具體食品所涉及的過程都是復雜和各異的。二是非酶過程,比如在蒸、烤的熱處理過程中,肉、咖啡和堅果類的香味形成,非酶過程起了重要作用。也有兩條路線都起作用的情況,比如面包香氣的形成過程。因此,食品特征香氣來源于食品內在的前體,隨制作技術變化成的同香味化合物。就生的食物而言,其所含的前體只是在加工過程中才被發現。香味產生于這些前體復雜的生物化學變化中。這些前體部分或完全分解,形成活性中間體,進而形成香味物質。
            
            新的香味化合物不斷地被發現、開發和應用
            
            具有香味的化合物絕大多數是低分子有機化合物。常見的有醛類、酮類、羧酸類、酯類、醇類、醚類等,在這些化合物中,有脂肪族化合物、脂環族化合物、芳香族化合物,也有雜環化合物。特別是對雜環化合物的研究應用是近年發展起來的新領域。
            
            雜環化合物以極微量存在于香味混合物中,常見的有吡嗪類、呋喃類.吡咯類、噻唑類、吡啶類和唑類。在稠環體系中,環戊吡嗪類和苯并噻唑類是最常見的。有些雜環化合物具有極高的香氣強度和極低的香氣閾值,最低可達0.002g/kg。因此.作為特效香味化合物,是食品風味添加物的理想配科成分。
            
            在1975年前FEMA評審的約1040種單體香料中(FEMA2001?3444中的去掉天然原料的品種),含硫含氮的雜環香料為170種,約為16%。但在1975年以后公布的615種單體香料中(FEMA3445~4068中的去掉天然原料的品種)雜環香料達到200余種,約占32%。此外還有品種數量很大.香氣和風味各異的反應香料也廣泛應用于食品香精中。

          文章來源:中國食品機械設備網

           
          惠民彩票

            <address id="hznvd"></address>

                  22098z.com | www.89677u.com | www.4727188.com | www.x888789.com | www.hw0123.com | www.08588u.com | WWW.518471.COM | www.960121.com | 214sj.com | 2127zz.com | www.45598t.com | WWW.886066.COM | www.926887.com | 1489y.com | 61324477.com | www.7920s.com | WWW.256520.COM | www.271902.com | yth10.net | iii3405.com | www.714445.com | WWW.450781.COM | zyxxd.com | 86611a.com | www.07679u.com | WWW.87173.COM | www.117809.com | 36402244.com | www.38775ff.com | WWW.6425.COM | 1636002.com | www.5504o.com | www.zuan222.com | www.775706.com | 5004pp.com | vip1524.com | www.97828v.vip | WWW.560178.COM | 3018nn.com | 2924444.com | www.0014r.com | www.506931.com | 1227.com | www.78919d.com | WWW.299456.COM | ddcp33.com | www.83568y.com | WWW.488709.COM | www.43131l.com | 28288y.com | www.21202hh.com | 393585.com | zevrez.cn | www.83033l.com | www.707232.com | ooo0022.com | www.63568.com | www.66653e.com | 55818i.com | WWW.741366.COM | 2013022.com | www.601710.com | WWW.456368.COM | 20779999.com | 81081.com | www.138017.com | 2595s.com | 3522.cc | WWW.873004.COM | 1636005.com | 54443y.com | WWW.879388.COM | mgm.am | www.55676u.com | www.202341.com | 11mm8332.com | WWW.704488.COM | 218jc.com | WWW.205672.COM | 25228.am | WWW.223087.COM | 531288.com | www.DF83.com | WWW.333155.COM | 69440011.com | www.556303.com | www.809296.com | vipvip1111.com | WWW.6774.COM | 38365m.com | WWW.550570.COM | 703669.com | www.2109i.com | 79964w.com | www.4058d.com | www.355183.com | x9977.com | WWW.38887.COM | 365bet888.com | WWW.123345.COM | 2306c.com | WWW.445444.COM | 88119f.com | www.chi32.com | 6190js.com | WWW.757017.COM | 7003z.com | www.23579c.com | bh889944.com | www.2109b.com | 97340055.com | www.aj3383.com | 77605y.com | www.lczg9.com | 3552a.com | www.022xj.cc | h77304.com | c51ki64.com | WWW.120203.COM | 6922012.com | WWW.130228.COM | 22pp8332.com | www.858659.com | 84494444.com | www.723013.com | www.6687.com | www.215880.com | www.ejylc11.com | hd9909.com | WWW.346255.COM | 86611.com | WWW.262570.COM | 33318a.com | www.2632w.com | 4022q.com | WWW.43331.COM | WWW.44483.COM | 8538s.com | www.634977.com | www.kywns.205115.com | bc495.com | 55288.com | WWW.919376.COM | 3678mm.com | www.js1046.com | 348301.com | 806699.com | WWW.608790.COM | www.12018.cc | WWW.765960.COM | www.7225l.com | 4036n.com | www.209213.com | WWW.135830.COM | 8036c.com | www.136305.com | WWW.330589.COM | www.y8821.com | feicai0516.com | www.732779.com | WWW.879344.COM | www.42070013.com | xpj6666.vip | WWW.387396.COM | www.597763.com | 108143.cn | www.504377.com | WWW.748518.COM | www.3479e.com | www.9928b.com | n08199.com | 132843.com | WWW.382066.COM | www.32031b.com | 5651d.com | 3559nn.com | 8888jdb.com | WWW.315065.COM | www.7fk.com | www.6889798.com | www.92820.com | qile262.com | 8547nn.com | 77606u.com | www.911373.com | WWW.908636.COM | WWW.119607.COM | www.6613622.com | le888k.com | 866666f.com | www.235693.com | WWW.215583.COM | www.h081.com | www.zmfqp.com | www.p32031.com | www.u456x.com | sha9966.com | am56.cc | www.188458.com | WWW.578948.COM | www.tctx8.com | www.77929.com | www.4521e.com | www.476397.com | 3122cc.com | 6766.net | qg292.com | 55967.com | 22117u.com | www.138338.com | www.399180.com | WWW.647744.COM | WWW.667438.COM | www.00czj.com | www.66653t.com | www.71071p.com | 45637m.com | ccc4255.com | 2021eee.com | vip61788.com | 87665.com | amhj.com | 33kk8332.com | bb888833.com | 11939.com | 1389g.com | www.28891f.com | ggg5682.com | www.080wy.com | www.zte777.com | 6245r.com | pu0012.com | am1818.cc | 28288j.com | www.234778.com | WWW.547255.COM | WWW.753962.COM | WWW.516444.COM | WWW.189633.COM | www.588vip.top | www.746824.com | www.20199ww.com | www.qmc0077.com | 28839d.com | vip80368.com | 82365e.com | w15666.com | 500000571.com | 7003s.com | 4632233.com | 836858.com | 74399999.com | 22cc8332.com | 800089v.com | 81366v.com | 69990v.com | jsjlb66.com | wenetian.net | js11213.com | 5804h.com | 3mgmttt.com | 2373j.com | 2455y.com | www.899500.cc | www.9737rr.me | www.690510.com | www.183msc.com | www.36585555.com | www.52062f.com | www.2945i.com | www.5099rr.com | www.40288k.com | www.55545x.com | www.16878k.com | WWW.150133.COM | WWW.379676.COM | WWW.510649.COM | WWW.175904.COM | WWW.146755.COM | www.587991.com | www.922873.com | www.220892.com | 8381ll.com | ll8159.cc | 8344222.com | 35222hh.com | 1213ttt.com | www.k69096.com | www.20199ff.com | www.565548.com | www.9570118.com | www.89599k.com | www.97828h.vip | www.hr1866.com | www.038839.com | feicai0816.com | www.363991.com | c388z.com | 670916.com | 6118q.com | www.c7201.com | www.s94600.com | www.51515x.com | www.4331j.com | www.cp500.net | WWW.801373.COM | www.9989589.com | www.5441h.com | WWW.932426.COM | WWW.24042.COM | www.598300.com | www.796786.com | www.636123.com | 771381.com | 7599hh.com | 6655734.com | xx5144.com | www.js58123.com | www.hm3222.com | WWW.107040.COM | www.122988.com | 2324vvv.com | 22296rr.com | www.youxi1314.com | www.c9259.com | WWW.481236.COM | WWW.318495.COM | www.617069.com | 97799n.com | 亿客隆.com | www.5446ll.com | www.51331b.com | www.4444y.cc | WWW.411032.COM | 5558449.com | qq1915.com | www.dzj0404.com | www.12455g.com | WWW.157479.COM | txcp66.com | 2222k95.com | 32666l.com | www.dzj0707.com | www.371p.cc | WWW.613066.COM | 20772288.com | 3458940.com | www.yuehengsz.com | WWW.883480.COM | WWW.678983.COM | 3151.com | 3679pp.com | www.bet91488.com | www.h6630.com | WWW.590013.COM | www.310615.com | 5802ww.com | www.8316.com | WWW.720096.COM | www.602891.com | 0015mm.com | www.19019l.com | www.614986.com | WWW.452055.COM | 129900.com | 4036111.com | 1591ccc.com | www.8839r.com | WWW.56477.COM | 88851m.com | www.vns2018.xyz | www.cp0014.com | www.5484g.com | www.799046.com | 3844mm.com | www.58404b.com | WWW.78518.COM | 55145.com | 8036z.com | www.68365e.com | WWW.633103.COM | 30019xx.com | 6146o.com | WWW.209055.COM | www.106316.com | 444000j.com | 71707b.com | www.drf1.net | WWW.661648.COM | 2127oo.com | www.ba309.com | WWW.710079.COM | bx394.com | www.v4v5v6.com | www.2373u.com | www.356686.com | 365bet888.com | www.77803s.com | www.620239.com | 2214zz.com | www.bet5959.com | WWW.718816.COM | 2004.com | 38822299.com | WWW.110372.COM | 59889e.com | 18438w.com | WWW.282394.COM | 2222k33.com | www.rcw88.vip | WWW.137557.COM | 3016vvv.com | www.g32939.com | WWW.878508.COM | YHvip.vip | www.12136z.com | WWW.745636.COM | 2595u.com | www.a11166.com | WWW.436968.COM | 6hcc99.com | www.27363a.com | WWW.176290.COM | 59889q.com | www.hg5985.com | www.547099.com | 51452.com | www.55676r.com | WWW.500914.COM | wxylc98953.com | www.99552bb.com | WWW.774027.COM | 3807p.com | www.5688y.cc | 0015tt.com | www.4996zj.com | WWW.736210.COM | 4025h.com | www.7782f.com | 1259l.com | 3590.com | 655661177.com | www.ybao6.com | 444000lll.com | www.yh67.net | www.909644.com | 3189q.com | WWW.261972.COM | yhsichun.vip | www.78949n.com | www.7672222.com | www.88166d.com | WWW.331090.COM | 66458k.com | www.85857e.com | WWW.144559.COM | 4165r.com | www.71233k.com | 31325i.com | www.47506w.com | www.500285.com | www.rgcp22.com | WWW.24142.COM | 8036v.com | WWW.345904.COM | 2224001.com | WWW.69553.COM | 6175yy.com | www.hj1991.com | 1634n.com | www.6832v.com | 1869.com | www.50054k.com | 86mv.com | www.78700f.com | 8790q.com | www.js8888.bet | 243d9.com | www.3399nsb.com | 355kk.com | www.79095z.com | www.202423.com | www.4996dt.com | www.235925.com | www.v80288.com | www.215077.com | www.i80288.com | www.202419.com | www.u063801.com | www.190994.com | www.sdoroviy.com | WWW.200723.COM | 8901o.com | WWW.358935.COM | 226688f.net | www.959589.com | www.089.cc | www.djcp001.com | www.b35ll.com | 63442.com | www.4809i.com | 1077cc.com | www.77801f.com | 69444477.com | WWW.590064.COM | 3967z.com | WWW.190917.COM | a444000.com | WWW.19038.COM | www.751cp2.com | www.364688.com | www.69567e.com | buyu.com | www.29178c.com | 3344666.com | www.55717l.com | 188qq777.com | www.zcwf0.com | 66681j.com | WWW.801855.COM | 35252p.com | www.693119.com | www.yh67555.com | 00773b.com | www.44050.cc | 0343k.com | WWW.764898.COM | feicai024.com | www.864155.com | www.43389.com | 2997772.com | www.1368v.cc | m0007.com | WWW.789062.COM | www.977305.com | www.14868.com | www.76520b.com | 4778822.com | WWW.158749.COM | www.2945g.com | 009005.com | www.818827.com | 8905.com | www.361770.com | www.kj222888.com | www.tk777.com | www.3zq02.com | 4995f.com | WWW.565636.COM | 4195vv.com | www.81233e.com | www.77114d.com | 3640ww.com | WWW.665335.COM | www.420082.com | 3056.com | WWW.916077.COM | 2506f.com | www.050236.com | www.33588w.com | a98c.com | www.560758.com | www.d98478.com | 01234c.com | WWW.785822.COM | www.3434aaa.com | 28758y.com | WWW.151201.COM | www.js89c.vip | 55309.com | WWW.235902.COM | www.491977.com | 25115.am | WWW.697153.COM | www.38138l.com | 8159c.cc | WWW.395970.COM | www.4828778.com | vns8e.com | WWW.750563.COM | www.06820y.com | 2292958.com | WWW.575864.COM | www.960620.com | 78930006.com | www.878743.com | www.bet73p.com | w8381.com | www.177524.com | www.022zj.cc | 500000878.com | 2381www.com | WWW.637385.COM | www.9737aa.com | 2338jt.com | WWW.213953.COM | www.2418o.com | 11002007.com | 880766.com | WWW.391475.COM | www.5099mm.com | 2021www.com | WWW.618186.COM | www.6939v.com | 2105.com | 49038.com | WWW.737246.COM | www.pj88o.com | 226101.com | www.811756.com | www.16878x.com | 5804l.com | 31782222.com | WWW.537129.COM | www.16065t.com | 80368fa.com | 1407q.com | www.55717u.com | 73055b.com | 4442838.com | WWW.314512.COM | www.7240w.com | 88888448.com | 11422n.com | WWW.654005.COM | www.954321n.com | 5661888.com | jsjlb33.com | WWW.33857.COM | www.8667a.com | www.5049t.com | wotuwen.com | www.506293.com | WWW.133213.COM | www.005469.com | 82365t.com | fhcp127.com | WWW.552801.COM | www.7714s.com | 1624.com | k4255.com | www.361929.com | WWW.400399.COM | www.60886e.com | 4mgm.com | ylzz577.com | WWW.552805.COM | www.556510.com | df8x.com | zhcp18.com | www.702572.com | WWW.377954.COM | www.417920.com | youfa55.vip | www.030310.com | WWW.49589.COM | www.l32031.com | 9303066.com | 30019xx.com | www.699494.com | WWW.142489.COM | www.81608p.com | 4340f.com | 3178qq.com | www.611874.com | WWW.829566.COM | www.4331l.com | www.5049w.com | 38365j.com | w32689.net | www.756586.com | WWW.829197.COM | www.xj6004.com | feicai0518.com | 66671g.com | 30186.com | WWW.45893.COM | WWW.122976.COM | www.4331z.com | b73.vip | WWW.573350.COM | www.3479aa.com | www.30350n.com | 44rr8331.com | anxinbo.net | 59889.cc | www.644996.com | WWW.342855.COM | www.39391.cc | www.63606f.com | bet28x.com | 6654888.com | 23456.net | www.83033e.com | jinguan4455.com | 37570d.com | 36404433.com | www.2237444.com | WWW.913534.COM | WWW.386659.COM | www.3479e.com | www.pj9050.com | www.163a4.com | 821.cc | qq444000.com | 33678ff.com | 665323.com | www.796933.com | WWW.392299.COM | www.le05.com | www.0601q.com | www.pjgw22.com | www.799666e.com | 0919666.com | 08159k.com | 1407d.com | amyh130.com | www.355284.com | WWW.839228.COM | WWW.544009.COM | WWW.260199.COM | www.49956x.com | www.80032266.com | 4997u.com | 4461z.com | 7726bbb.com | 2824.com | 75266.com | www.84378.com | www.588088.com | WWW.650877.COM | WWW.631819.COM | WWW.495298.COM | WWW.508535.COM | www.2373g.com | www.81520h.com | www.585167.com | www.cc00668.com | www.55060w.com | www.986076.com | 50027799.com | 97q.com | 2349003.com | 96678.com | v67890.com | 20188b.com | 2490k.com | 9339999s.com | ff555q.com | 5622r.com | 8030w.com | m8159.cc | www.9426.com | www.166555.com | www.78700a.com | www.163136.com | www.327556.com | www.495358.com | www.607252.com | www.802865.com | www.911373.com | www.912273.com | www.876488.com | www.909965.com | www.924177.com | www.810716.com | www.744949.com | www.641638.com | www.580296.com | www.500907.com | www.351817.com | www.271901.com | www.139733.com | 398777.com | 02mk.com | 2649p.com | 4444233.com | l58955.com | 7357.com | 4461y.com | m3410.com | pt777.ph | hh5443.com | 6403b.com | www.xy047.com | www.4727099.com | www.781617.com | www.js89e.vip | www.81608l.com | www.00840e.com | www.3478b.cc | WWW.669692.COM | WWW.586096.COM | WWW.87817.COM | WWW.273029.COM | www.989778.com | www.632590.com | www.338017.com | www.083016.com | 77727720.com | 67888k.cc | 7726ttt.com | 8159p.cc | v62365.com | 500000313.com | www.wy8008.com | www.2544g6.com | www.6678695.com | www.51331m.com | WWW.575224.COM | WWW.449905.COM | WWW.908366.COM | www.605134.com | 339hm.com | 4052y.com | 05071133.com | s2649.com | www.ssc33.com | www.73990c.com | www.bet73b.com | WWW.641433.COM | WWW.591135.COM | WWW.826085.COM | www.155782.com | 9411ggg.com | pw9.com | 7720744.com | www.998855m.com | www.40288i.com | www.4323x.com | WWW.633663.COM | WWW.168606.COM | www.631918.com | 44ydgj.com | 89892yy.com | 365vip900.cc | www.1168o.com | www.99094d.com | www.yw344.com | WWW.863335.COM | www.862870.com | vdisk.cn | 159666h.com | 2349003.com | www.47709.net | www.u77929.com | WWW.362882.COM | WWW.111451.COM | www.310295.com | 3679ee.com | 3559y.com | www.9928b.com | www.v904488.com | WWW.920705.COM | WWW.641444.COM | www.999934.com | 79333.com | 1077ggg.com | www.88325t.com | www.15010.cc | WWW.331097.COM | WWW.679647.COM | www.890994.com | 7893005.com | 67890ss.com | www.20199cc.com | www.ejylc15.com | WWW.808354.COM | www.965960.com | 5360rr.com | 3568h.com | www.6616008.com | www.4323o.com | WWW.397253.COM | www.374511.com | feicai0892.com | qmbc9.com | www.2544h5.com | www.c300.cc | WWW.849838.COM | 9149o.com | 44772007.com | www.4196h.com | www.c2953.com | WWW.412310.COM | 500c8.com | 112v.net | www.07679c.com | WWW.252076.COM | www.704126.com | 00048w.com | 28758x.com | www.16065h.com | WWW.217778.COM | www.031059.com | ahg0088.com | www.97060e.com | www.8839g.com | WWW.358950.COM | 2934f.com | 7893w27.com | WWW.484170.COM | 1775a.com | 73122.com | 88894x.com | 33382d.com | www.33668.com | WWW.521408.COM | 08123.com | 3890k.com | www.06386699.com | www.15355i.com | WWW.879622.COM | 112j.net | 54240099.com | www.693377.com | WWW.841366.COM | 21vnsvns.com | 888zrgw58ylc.com | www.z063801.com | WWW.27199.COM | www.178693.com | 223739.com | www.40288q.com | WWW.283810.COM | www.29239.com | q2490.com | www.9989586.com | WWW.327174.COM | 1429w.com | ca7099.com | www.5086k.com | www.560121.com | 11665145.com | www.79095r.com | WWW.519566.COM |